Academic Qualifications

PhD in History, Defense, and International Relations, 2013 – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Lisbon, Portugal.

Master in Human Geography and Regional Development, 2001 – Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.

Post-Graduate Degree in International Relations, 1996 – Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal.

Bachelor in Military Sciences, with specialization on Infantry, 1990 – Academia Militar, Lisbon, Portugal.

Biographical Information

João Leal has a PhD in History, Defence, and International Relations from the Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL). He is a researcher at the Centro de Estudos Internacionais – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (CEI-IUL), Portugal, and a  professor in “Strategy and International Relations” in the Master program Information War at the Academia Militar, Portugal. João Leal is a permanent member of the Comissão de Acompanhamento para a Reforma da Defesa Nacional, under the auspices of the Minister of National Defence, since its inception in May 2013. Between 2010 and 2011, he was the Technical Director of the Technical-Military Cooperation Project with the Republic of Mozambique, which culminated in the creation of the Instituto Superior de Estudo de Defesa Tenente-General “Armando Emílio Guebuza”.

Key Publications

Leal, João (2012), “Geopolítica dos mares no Espaço Árctico”. Geopolítica: Revista do Centro Português de Geopolítica, 5.

Leal, João e Mendes Dias (2009), “A Estratégia e o Novo Aeroporto Internacional”. Geopolítica: Revista do Centro Português de Geopolítica, 2, 263-288.

Leal, João (2007), “Análise Geopolítica e Geoestratégica de Portugal. Fatores Físico, Humano e Circulação”, Revista Militar, 2463.

Leal, João (2004), “Geopolítica da Península Ibérica: unidade ou diversidade”, Revista Militar, 2434.